Forty Caves, Berlin and Clinton
The Forty Caves conservation area includes lands owned by the Town of Berlin, the Town of Clinton, and SVT.
In 2017, SVT and the Towns of Berlin and Clinton teamed up to conserve 63 acres of forest that spanned the town boundary line and abutted another 193 acres of land that had already been conserved. After each town purchased a portion of the 63 acres, the entire 256 acres were grouped into the cooperatively managed Forty Caves conservation area. Included in this group is the SVT property formerly known as Garfield Woods. Read about the successful effort to protect this property.
The Forty Caves conservation area protects habitat for two endangered species: Blanding’s turtle and marbled salamander.
Striking features catch your eye as you explore Forty Caves. Trails narrow to squeeze between rock outcroppings. Glacial erratics punctuate the woodlands. Granitic gneiss spotted with feldspar crystals provide evidence that the glacier plucked some of these boulders from cliffs that lie just north of the conservation area.
- North Brook rattles and gurgles beside you along the trail as it slips under a flat slab of rock. It finally widens into a quiet pool with banks that invite a picnic stop, as the brook continues onto the Assabet River.
- Steep cliffs in Berlin's portion of the conservation area overlook a marsh and stream that makes its way to North Brook.
- You’ll notice steep drops alongside the trail. A view from the orange trail near Allen Road looks down toward the namesake of the conservation area—caves created by tumbled boulders and rock slabs that lean together.
- The geology of this site is spectacular. The Clinton-Newbury fault is visible at several points. The rock is tightly folded and crinkly, different from the granite gneiss found elsewhere in the conservation area.
- Local legend holds that the smooth, round depressions in the rock at Forty Caves once held quartz that Native Americans used for spear points. They popped the quartz nodules out of the surrounding rock with a combination of heat and cold.
Trails on the property are accessible from parking areas on Allen Road in Berlin and on Francis Street in Clinton.
For Allen Road in Berlin:
From the center of Berlin, head west on MA-62W (West Street), approximately 1.4 miles. Turn right on West Street and proceed approximately 0.4 mile. Turn right onto Allen Road and follow approximately 0.6 mile to a parking area on the right. The parking area is marked with a sign for Forty Caves, and the orange trail proceeds to your right from the trailhead kiosk.
For Francis Street in Clinton:
With mapping software, search for this address:
Francis Street, Clinton, MA
From the intersection of Mechanic Street and Chestnut Street in Clinton, proceed south on Chestnut Street 0.3 mile and turn left on Cameron Street. After 0.2 mile take a slight left on Oak Street. After 0.1 mile bear right onto Chace Street and proceed approximately 0.5 mile before turning right onto Francis Street. Francis Street is a small dirt road. You will see a Forty Caves sign on your right approximately 200' down the road. Turn right at the sign, and find parking ahead on your left. The orange trail proceeds from the kiosk.